The United States is now the only country to abandon the Paris agreement after its adoption, the New York Times reports. Several countries, including Angola, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, South Sudan, Turkey and Yemen, first signed the pact but never formally adopted it. With the departure of the United States, there are still 189 nations that have signed and adopted the pact. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to commitments that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  There are several opportunities to integrate flexibility mechanisms into the broader transparency framework. The extent, degree of detail or frequency of reporting can all be adapted and modulated according to a country`s capacity. The requirement to carry out technical checks in the country could be lifted for some less developed or small island developing states. Capacity assessment opportunities include financial and human resources in a country needed for NDC verification.
 The Paris Agreement contains a series of binding measures to monitor, verify and publicly report progress towards a country`s emission reduction targets. Improving transparency rules applies a common framework to all countries, providing housing and support to nations that are not currently able to strengthen their systems over time. At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020.